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US equities bounce back from worst ever Christmas Eve; manufacturing slows in China; shock profit warning for Apple

US equities bounce back from worst ever Christmas Eve; manufacturing slows in China; shock profit warning for Apple

8 January 2019

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Market news

Welcome back. The festive period, restful for some, proved to be a volatile time for global markets. In America, equities suffered their worst ever Christmas Eve, before the Dow Jones Industrial Average registered its largest one-day point gain in history on Boxing Day. The end of last year was marked by fears over global GDP growth and a general lack of faith in policymakers.

January 2nd, 2019 began with a hangover after a purchasing managers’ index survey suggested that manufacturing activity in China had contracted in December. The pace of economic growth in China, so crucial to global growth, slowed last year, as did its retail and vehicle sales. On the same day last week, Apple shocked investors with a huge profit warning, itself attributing some blame to weak Chinese demand.

Yields on government bonds have fallen as investors have fled to traditional safe-haven assets, leaving global yields at similar levels to a year ago. The US 10-year Treasury yield fell to 2.66% last week, while the equivalent German Bund fell to 0.12%.

Today, however, European equities are rallying amid optimism on US-China trade relations, as US trade negotiators continue talks in Beijing. The FTSE 100 is currently trading over 1% higher, while Asian bourses were broadly positive overnight.

The euro is marginally lower after an unexpected fall in German industrial output but is not the only major currency to have fallen against the US dollar, which has moved off its two-and-a-half-month low despite an ongoing government shutdown that started on December 22nd.

Oil prices swung wildly last year, with Brent crude peaking over $86 in October before touching $50 on Christmas Eve. Since then, prices have rebounded as signs of falling output from Saudi Arabia have improved investor confidence in OPEC’s ability to uphold 2019’s production cuts.


Economic data*

Share Closing Values at 7/1/19 Year high Year low
FTSE 100 6,811 7,904 6,537
FTSEurofirst 1,351 1,588 1,291
DAX 10,748 13,597 10,279
DJ Industrial Average 23,531 26,952 21,713
S&P 500 2,550 2,931 2,351
NASDAQ 6,823 8,133 6,190
Hang Seng 25,875 33,484 24,541


UK Gifts % Yield Price
10 Year 1.3 103.4
2 Year 0.8 101.9
5 Year 0.9 99.4
30 Year 1.8 93.8


FOREX versus US Dollar Last % Change**
British Pound 1.28 -0.19
Euro 1.15 -0.25
Japanese Yen 108.70 0.00
Canadian Dollar 1.33 -0.14


Commodities Price (USD) Change** % Change**
Brent Crude Oil 57.33 0.94 1.64
Light Crude 48.52 0.73 1.5
Gold LBMA 1,288.63 -4.96 -0.38
* Source: Thomson Reuters
** From previous day close


Stock focus

WM Morrison revealed that like-for-like retail sales grew ahead of analysts’ expectations over the key Christmas period, but its shares have slid this morning after it warned of “changes in consumer behaviour”. Nervousness amongst investors was backed up by confirmation that discounters Aldi and Lidl continue to steal market share.

Aldi, meanwhile, made almost £1bn of sales last month, making it the supermarket’s best-ever performance over the Christmas trading period. It accounts for over 7% of the UK grocery market and said it noticed an influx of new festive customers. Aldi sold around 100m Brussels sprouts in December.

Next unveiled better-than-expected results over Christmas, in spite of further declines in sales from its high-street shops. A 15.2% surge in online sales was enough to produce an overall 1% rise in full-price sales.

There was another positive UK retail in Dunelm, the home furnishings group that has recently streamlined its offering and closed non-core brands. It reported a 2% increase in revenue in the last quarter and expects full-year profit to be “modestly ahead” of analysts’ forecasts.

Apple caused global concern last Wednesday when they kicked off the year with a drastic profit warning that sent its shares plunging 9%. It means the tech giant’s value is now over 35% lower than its peak of last autumn, when Apple reached a market cap of $1.1trn. Apple cited lower sales and economic weakness in China.

Earlier today, Samsung gave a similar warning, saying it expects to report a sharp fall in quarterly profit due to a “stagnant and fiercely competitive” mobile phone market. Tough competition and falling prices have weighed on margins, while marketing spending has had to rise to keep sales volumes flat. Q4 operating profit is now expected to be £7.5bn.

Amid the struggle of some large tech companies, Amazon has become the world’s most valuable public company for the first time, overtaking Microsoft. It makes Jeff Bezos, who founded the ecommerce behemoth 25 years ago, the richest man in the world, worth about $131bn.


Date Category Country Event Reuters poll Prior estimate
08/01/19 Industry Sector Germany

German industrial production - Industrial Output MM

0.3% -0.8%
08/01/19 Prices United Kingdom

UK house prices rise, broad picture still weak - Halifax - Halifax House Prices MM

0.2% -1.2%
08/01/19 Surveys & Cyclical Eurozone

Euro Zone-Sentiment - Business Climate

0.99 1.09
08/01/19 Surveys & Cyclical Eurozone

Euro Zone-Sentiment - Consumer Confid. Final

-6.2 -3.9
08/01/19 External Sector United States

United States-International trade - International Trade $

USD -54b USD -55.5b
08/01/19 Government Sector United States

United States-Consumer Credit - Consumer Credit

USD 17.5b USD 25.38b
09/01/19 Labour Market Eurozone

Euro Zone-Unemployment - Unemployment Rate

8.1% 8.1%
10/01/19 Prices China (Mainland)

China (Mainland)-Inflation - CPI YY

2.1% 2.2%
10/01/19 Surveys & Cyclical China (Mainland)

China (Mainland)-Money and lending - Outstanding Loan Growth

13.2% 13.1%
11/01/19 Industry Sector United Kingdom

UK economy slowing ahead of Brexit - official data due for November - Industrial Output YY

-0.7% -0.8%
11/01/19 Prices United States

United States-CPI - CPI YY, NSA

1.9% 2.2%
14/01/19 External Sector China (Mainland)

China (Mainland)-Trade - Trade Balance

USD 50.73b USD 44.71b
Source: Thomson Reuters


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